Common Name: Strawberry
Botanical Name: Fragaria chiloensis/camarosa
Growing Area: Grown in temperate regions worldwide
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The ground-dwelling Strawberry plant is a member of the rose family. Although the crown of the plant is perennial, the roots are annual, and the crown must send down new roots every year. The leaves of the Strawberry plant are characteristically roundish in shape and green in color, with one to three leaves atop a long stem. The flowers are white and delicate, with soft yellow centers and the fruits are usually heart shaped and medium to deep crimson in color. These deliciously aromatic fruits have many little yellow seeds piercing its flesh and a green leafy crown. They are the only fruits with the seeds on the outside, and the average Strawberry has around 200 tiny seeds! The Strawberry is also the first fruit to ripen in the spring, making it a popular springtime snack. In 2008, the United States accounted for a little over 28% of the world's Strawberry production, with California yielding over one billion pounds! If all the Strawberry fruits that were grown in California this year were laid end to end, they would wrap around the globe 15 times!
Nutrients & Applications:
The Strawberry fruit abounds with many vitamins, and other essential nutrients. Strawberry fruits have a low glycemic index and are a very good source of dietary fiber, Vitamin C, and manganese. These fragrant fruits also contain folate, potassium, Vitamin K, Vitamin B6, pantothenic acid, magnesium, and essential omega-3 fatty acids. These delicious and juicy fruits are also a rich source of phytonutrients, including ellagic acid and many flavonoids. Some of these flavonoids are in the form of anthocyanins, potent antioxidants which provide the Strawberry with its characteristic red color. These antioxidants may help promote normal cardiovascular health as well as help maintain normal cholesterol and blood pressure levels. Studies have also shown that the Strawberry may be beneficial in promoting cognitive health and overall well-being.*